Category: Health Care Quality

92 Percent of Nurses Dissatisfied with Electronic Health Records

Although we have frequently discussed physicians’ dissatisfaction with electronic health records, doctors are not the only victims of the federal government’s $30 billion adventure in underwriting poor IT investments. Nurses are even more disappointed in EHRs than doctors are, according to a new survey by Black Book Market Research:

Dissatisfaction with inpatient electronic health record systems among nurses has escalated to an all-time high of 92%, according to the Q3 2014 Black Book EHR Loyalty survey results to be published later this month. Disruption in productivity and workflow has also negatively influenced job dissatisfaction according to nurses in 84% of U.S. hospitals. 85% of nurses state they are struggling with continually flawed EHR systems and 88% blame financial administrators and CIOs for selecting low performance systems based on EHR pricing, government incentives and cutting corners at the expense of quality of care. 84% of nursing administrators in not-for-profit hospitals, and 97% of nursing administrators in for-profit hospitals confirm that the impact on nurses’ workloads including the efficient flow of direct patient care duties were not considered highly enough in their administration’s final EHR selection decision.

400 Additional Hospitals Face Obamacare Readmission Penalties Totaling $428 Million in Fiscal 2015

The Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program was created by Obamacare to penalize hospitals with excess numbers of patients readmitted within 30 days of discharge following treatment for heart attack, heart failure or pneumonia. In fiscal 2013, the penalty was up to a 1% dock in Medicare payments. That figure increased to 2% in fiscal 2014 and now sits at 3% for fiscal 2015. In addition to the increased fine, the program has added measures: Readmission rates for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and total hip and total knee replacements.

Modern Healthcare reports that 2,610 U.S. hospitals will see their Medicare payments docked in fiscal 2015, while just 769 U.S. hospitals will avoid such fines. Over the course of fiscal 2015, Medicare estimates the fines will total $428 million. Perhaps the measures are not achieving their stated goal of improving care if fewer than one quarter of eligible hospitals can avoid the fines.

The Case for Drugstore Clinics

In The Atlantic, Richard Gunderman, MD, PhD, has delivered “The Case Against Drugstore Clinics“. It is a weak case. Let’s take his strongest argument first:

A woman with a sore throat went to a retail clinic and received a prescription for antibiotics. After a few days, she hadn’t gotten better, so she went to her family physician. The physician determined that the sore throat was probably due to a viral infection. He also, however, talked to her about her overall health and life. This conversation led to a previously unsuspected diagnosis of clinical depression. The patient is now in treatment and doing much better.

A case like this illuminates three important differences between the retail clinic and the physician’s office. First, the retail clinic prescribed an antibiotic, but in the physician’s judgment the infection was not bacterial. Overusing antibiotics can promote the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria. Second, the minute clinic focused exclusively on the sore throat. And third, the physician’s more comprehensive evaluation led to a diagnosis with important implications for the patient’s overall, long-term health.

We’re Number 44! Bloomberg Ranks Countries on Efficient Health Care

Bloomberg (the media business, not the former mayor of New York, although the latter appears to have regained control of the former), has ranked 51 high- and middle-income countries on healthcare efficiency. The U.S ranks 44th.

44 of 51 is pretty bad. (Indeed, we are bracketed by the Dominican Republican and Bulgaria). However, the Bloomberg rankings suffer from some of the same problems that we see with other rankings. NCPA has never thought the U.S. healthcare system was efficient, but neither do we think that other countries do a great job. NCPA scholars addressed this in a monograph published in 2009: Health Care Reform: Do Other Countries Have the Answers? My criticism of Bloomberg’s rankings draws largely from that monograph.

Another Doctor Rebels: “The Patient Should be the Arbiter of the Physician’s Quality of Care”

Mark Sklar, MD, in the Wall Street Journal:

The push to use electronic medical records has had more than financial costs.

Yet to avoid future financial penalties from Medicare, I must demonstrate “meaningful use” of the electronic record. This involves documenting that I covered a checklist of items during the office visit, so I spend 90 minutes each day entering mostly meaningless data. This is time better spent calling patients to answer questions or keeping updated with the medical literature.

My practice quickly adopted the new Medicare requirements for electronically prescribing medications. Yet patients often do not want their prescription sent electronically.

If I don’t electronically prescribe for a certain number of Medicare patients, I am penalized with a decrease in reimbursement that can rise to a maximum of 5%. Patients should have a choice in how their prescriptions are delivered, and physicians shouldn’t be penalized for how the patients choose.

Who Should Regulate Telemedicine, and How?

Readers of this blog know that NCPA has long been a supporter of telemedicine. The question of who should regulate telemedicine, and how, is now coming to a head.

The practice of medicine is regulated by the states. For many years, advocates of telemedicine have pointed to inconsistencies in how medical licensing boards recognize out-of-state physicians as a limit to telemedicine. In 2012, health economist Jason Shafrin reviewed literature, which indicates that requiring a doctor to be physically present with a patient to prescribe reduces access and harms patients.

State-based medical licensing boards’ inability to overcome this problem, despite many years of effort, has led to frustration and the rise of a movement that has not quite come out for a federal takeover of telemedical licensing — but certainly looks like it might tip that way.

Medical Marijuana Might Reduce Opioid Overdoses

Newly published research indicates that medical marijuana laws reduce overdose deaths from abuse of Oxycontin and other opiods by a statistically — and economically — significant amount.

Examining state laws permitting medical use of marijuana that passed between 1999 and 2010, Dr. Marcus Bachhuber and colleagues estimate that medical marijuana reduces the number of overdose deaths by 25 percent.

That adds up to lots of savings. Sean Williams at the Motley Fool reviews the research on the cost of opiod abuse:

Pesky Patients Asking Awkward Questions: Doc, Do I Really Need That?

A recent New York Times article lamented that employers are increasingly offering employee health plans that cover few medical expenses until a fairly high deductible has been met. About one-third of large employers offer only a high-deductible plan. Many other employers encourage enrollment in high-deductible plans by offering low employee contributions. As a result, more employees are covered by high-deductible plans and workers increasingly have to reach for their wallet before insurance kicks in.

As news stories often do, the article used a tear-jerker of an anecdote to drive home its point. The subject of the story was Anita Maina. Although her monthly premiums were only $34 per month, her deductible was $6,000 and her health savings account not well-funded. Here’s the story:

Anita Maina was working on an arts and crafts project she found on Pinterest — creating a table out of wood and cork — when she ripped off a fingernail while removing staples from a piece of wood.

But she ultimately skipped the [office] visit since she had not met the $6,000 deductible on her health plan, and she knew she probably did not have much left in her health savings account…

The New York Times article even included a photo of Ms. Maina with her injured finger!

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The Patient Care Quarterback

The New England Journal of Medicine recently published an article by Matthew J. Press, MD, about the need for patients to have a quarterback to coordinate the team of care-givers. Dr. Press writes –

Care coordination is now a high priority in health care and is the backbone of new models of care, such as accountable care organizations, that aim to improve quality and reduce costs. But it remains an abstract concept to many people who are not on the front lines of clinical care, as well as to some on the front lines who lack (or don’t want to have) the quarterback’s view of the field. In replaying the highlights, we can learn some important lessons about care coordination.

The CON of Certificate of Need Laws

I once heard Dr. Roy Cordato of the John Locke Foundation in North Carolina describe an unusual metaphor. Imagine that you wanted to open an Italian restaurant. In the town where you want to open it, you need to apply to the municipal authorities for a Certificate of Need. That is, before you put any of your capital or reputation into actually opening and operating the restaurant, you have to prove to bureaucrats and politicians that the town “needs” it. So, even though no taxpayers’ dollars are invested in your business, you are not allowed to take this risk before writing applications and participating in hearings to prove the unprovable: That potential customers “need” your Italian restaurant.

Who else is monitoring your application and participating in hearings? Owners of Italian restaurants that already exist. They have reams of data that prove that they fully satisfy the demand for Italian cuisine in the town. You have none. They have effective veto power over the entry of new competitors. You do not need a PhD in economics to predict that such a town would have a shortage of Italian restaurants with very high prices.

Yet, this unacceptable situation exists for hospitals or other healthcare facilities in 36 states and the District of Columbia. Thomas Stratmann and Jake Russ of the Mercatus Center have used a newly compiled database of these laws to examine their consequences. Their key findings are: